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Unbalanced WTO Dispute System - Women Need Not Apply: Gender Analysis of WTO Dispute Panelists


Of 159 Member WTO Dispute Panelist Roster,
147 Are Men (92.5%) and 12 Are Women (7.5%)



Country Women Men
Australia 3 15
Austria 0 4
Belgium 0 2
Chile 1 3
Colombia 1 4
Cuba 0 1
Czech Rep. 0 2
Denmark 0 1
Egypt 1 1
Finland 0 4
France 1 3
Country Women Men
Germany 0 7
Greece 0 2
Hong Kong, China 0 5
India 2 10
Ireland 0 3
Israel 0 6
Italy 0 4
Japan 0 10
Korea 0 6
Mauritius 0 1
Country Women Men
Netherlands 0 5
New Zealand 0 7
Norway 0 3
Spain 0 1
Sweden 0 11
Switzerland 2 8
United States 1 9
United Kingdom 0 7
Venezuela 0 2
Total: 12 147

Source - U.S. Trade Representative (1998)

* None of the seven Members appointed to the WTO Appellate Body are women.

* Only one of 59 EU appointees is a woman.

* Of the 39 panelists appointed to the dispute resolutions where the U.S. is involved, 38 are men and one is a woman.

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